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Study to Evaluate Effectiveness of Structured Teaching Programme on Knowledge Regarding Hypertension and Its Management among Hypertensive Clients in Selected Hospitals of Amritsar

Kawaljit Kaur


Hypertension is an important risk factor for cardiovascular and renal diseases including stroke, coronary heart diseases, heart failure and kidney failure. Hypertension—the silent killer-remains asymptomatic until its damage effects are seen. It has been figured that almost one third of B.P.-related deaths occur from coronary heart disease. It is also estimated that a 3 mm Hg reduction in systolic B.P. could lead to an 80% reduction in stroke mortality and a 5% reduction in mortality from coronary heart disease. The present study was undertaken to evaluate the effectiveness of structured teaching programme (STP) on knowledge regarding hypertension and its management among hypertensive clients in selected hospitals of Amritsar, Punjab, India. The aim of study was to evaluate the effectiveness of interventional strategy on knowledge regarding hypertension. A pre-experimental one group pre-test and post-test research design was used. The sample size was 100 which was selected from the medical wards of GND and Civil hospital Amritsar, Punjab, India. The tool used for the data collection was self-structured knowledge questionnaire. The nonprobability purposive sampling technique was used to select the subjects. It can be seen from the result that the overall pre-test mean knowledge score was 8.72 with SD 2.83 as compared to overall post-test mean knowledge score of 13.75 with SD 3.92. The data subjected for statistical paired t-test showed a highly significant difference (p<0.05) existing between pre-test and post-test over all mean knowledge score (t=10.48*). The present study recommend that a similar study can be undertaken on large sample for better generalization by adopting an experimental design to improve knowledge of hypertensive clients regarding hypertension and its management.

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