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Lifestyle interventions reduce coronary artery disease among the high risk group

Nandani Kumari

Abstract


A PRE Experimental evaluatory approach was used for this study. The study was carried out in the selected community of Greater Noida. The research design was pre-experimental one group pre-test post-test design. The sample comprised of 40 high risk subjects. The data was analyzed using descriptive and inferential statistics. Paired ‘t’ test was used to find the effectiveness of SIM and chi-square was used to find the association of pre-test knowledge score w The results of this study showed that participants in general lacked knowledge on CAD and especially on prevention aspect. The mean knowledge score was 10.56. There was a marked gain in mean knowledge score after administration of SIM (23.54). The difference in mean knowledge score was statistically significant at 0.05 level‘t’ (49) =23.35. There was no significant association between pre-test knowledge score and selected demographic variables such as age (c21=0.260), gender (c21=1.212), educational qualification (c21=0.0035), frequency of exercise performed per week (c24=7.860), type of exercise performed (c24=3.100), personal habits (c23=5.007), and dietary habits (c23=2.237) at 0.05 level of significance.
The findings of this study support the need for conducting health camps and awareness programme on CAD and its prevention in the selected community. The study proved that the subjects had poor knowledge on CAD and its prevention before the administration of SIM. Their knowledge improved to a remarkable extent after the utilization of SIM. The findings of this study shows that the SIM was effective in terms of gaining knowledge on CAD and its prevention among the high risk subjects (t49=23.35, P < 0.05).

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