Open Access Open Access  Restricted Access Subscription Access

Psychological Aspects in Invasive Cardiac Procedures

Manpreet Kaur Garcha


There are many Invasive cardiac procedures that help to identify cardiac diseases. Even though theses diagnostic procedures are the helping hands in the field of medical science but there are some hidden factors like anxiety, fear of unknown diagnostic procedures leads to false results & interpretations. This may interfere with the choice of treatment selected for the patients. A clear explanation of diagnostic procedures and prediagnostic counseling of the patients can help to reduce the false alterations within the results of test.

Keywords: anxiety, cardiovascular diseases, prediagnostic counseling

Full Text:



Cardiovascular diseases,WHO,(online) available from

Shajimon, Binu. Anxiety trends in patients awaiting invasive cardiac procedures in the outpatient pre procedural unit, nursing, Clin Psychol. 2013; 131p. 3596723. 3. Uzun S., Vural H., Uzun M., et al. State and trait anxiety levels before coronary angiography. J Clin Nurs 2008; 17(5): 602p.

Khayyam-Nekouei Z. Psychological factors and coronary heart disease, ARYA Atheroscler. 2013; 9(1): 102–11. 5. Sheikhloo N. Anxiety and depression in myocardial infarction patients during bedding period and after release in cardiac intensive unit care. Msc Thesis. Tabriz: Tabriz University of Medical Sciences; 2005. 6. Leroy S. Recommendations for preparing children and adolescents for invasive cardiac procedures, Circulation. 2003; 108: 2550–64p.

Hamel W.J. A study to assess the effects of music intervention on anxiety in the patient waiting for

cardiac catheterization. Intens Crit Care Nurs. 2001; 17(5): 279–85. 8. State-Trait Anxiety (Online) available from 9. Mott A.M. Psychological preparation to decrease anxiety associated with cardiac catheterization. J Vasc Nurs. 1998; 17(2): 41–9p. 10. Philippe F., Meney M., Larrezet, et al. Effects of video information on anxiety among patients undergoing angiography. Arch Mal Coeur Vaiss. 2006; 99(2): 95p.

Vardanjani M.M., et al., A Randomized-controlled trial examining the effects of reflexology on anxiety of patients undergoing coronary angiography, Nurs Midwifery Stud. 2(1): 3–9p.

Buzatto L.L. Patients’ anxiety before cardiac catheterization, Einstein (São Paulo). 2011; 8(4).

Bouchard S. Description of a Treatment Manual for in virtuo Exposure with Specific Phobia, Virtual Reality in Psychological, Medical and Pedagogical Applications, (1–107).


  • There are currently no refbacks.