Open Access Open Access  Restricted Access Subscription or Fee Access


Anjaly Sunny


Study was intended to assess the effectiveness of breathing exercises on lung capacity among experimental group. A total of 60 patients with respiratory disorder (30 each in experimental and control group) were selected. The approach used in this study was experimental approach and the design was quasi experimental with non-equivalent Pre-Test Post-Test Control Group Design. Pretest was done for 60 samples on the second day of admission by using spirometer. Breathing exercises (purse lip breathing, diaphragmatic breathing and coughing exercise) were taught and advised to do for 15minutes (5minutes for each, 4 times a day (9am, 12noon, 3pm, 7pm) for a period of five days in the experimental group and post test was done on 5th day of pre test for both groups followed by which breathing exercises were taught to the control group also. Pre-test lung capacity score showed that 56.66% in control and 36.75% in experimental group were not able to raise even one ball. Mean lung capacity score among the experimental group and control group before the intervention was 0.63 and 0.43 respectively. After intervention, among the experimental group lung capacity improved to 2.57 and it was statistically significant [t=29, p=0.000(p<.05)]. Mean lung capacity score among the control group also increased, and it was only 0.96 because of the extraneous variable. From the results it was interpreted that breathing exercises helped to increase the lung capacity among patients with respiratory disorders. Study concluded that breathing exercises was effective in achieving the desired objective.

Full Text:



Suzanne CM, Brenda GB, Brunner & Suddarth’s. Textbook of Medical Surgical Nursing.11th ed.

Philadelphia:Lippincott William’s Publishers; 2006.

Black MJ, Hacks JH. Medical Surgical Nursing. 7th ed. New Delhi: A Division of Reeder. Elsevier

India Private Limited; 2008.

James E, Anne MD, et al. Chronic respiratory disease-an emerging public health problem. National TB

association. New York: 2003.

Dean RH, Neil RM, Shelly CM, Alexander R. Respiratory care principles and practice. 2nd ed. China:

Jones and Barlett Publishers; 2011.

William BG, Gouws E, Boschi PC, Brye J, Dye C. Estimates of worldwide distribution of clients deaths

from acute respiratory infections. Lancent.2000:Sept; 2(1):25-32.

Kang S. Epidemiological study of obstructive lung diseases in rural India: Indian Journal Medical

Research. 2003;101:238-44.

Martinez FD. Physical exercises are good for both physical and mental health. The New English Journal of Medicine. 2005;108(2):352-62.

Farag A, Mona E. Efficacy of breathing retraining using modified incentive spirometry biofeedback

system on ventilatory function in asthmatic patients. Bulletin of physical therapy for cardiopulmonary.

Philadelphia: 2006;11(1):64

Gale. Simple exercises for breathlessness. Indian Journal of Chest disease

and allied science. 2004;159(4):67-70.

Gaur SN, Ktiyar SK, Bharat G. Text book of respiratory medicine. New Delhi: Jaypee Publishers; 2011.

Alfonso AS. COPD in the general population: prevalence, incidence and survival. Medicine

[internet].2011 August11 [cited December 2011; 105(12):1872-84]. Available from


Olivia. Effect of breathing exercise on pulmonary functional measures. Nightingale actions. 2000;


Jyothi TR. Effect of programmed lung exercises on the symptom of patient with bronchial asthma

attending asthma clinics, un published thesis. Bombay: SNDT Women’s university. 1990 May.


  • There are currently no refbacks.