Open Access Open Access  Restricted Access Subscription or Fee Access

Assess Attitude and Beliefs Towards Role of Magico-Religious and Supernatural Influences in Mental Illness Among Care Givers of Psychiatry Patient Attended in Selected Mental Hospital, Palanpur, Gujarat

Chris Thomas

Abstract


Background: The term magical-religious is commonly used to describe beliefs prevalent in a particular culture concerning various supernatural influences operating in the environment. In Indian sub-continent magico-religious beliefs are frequently conjectured as causal explanations of mental illnesses, and consequently services of “faith healers” are often sought for treatment of mental disorders. Objectives:(1) To assess attitude and beliefs among care givers of psychiatry patient towards magico-religious and supernatural influence in mental illness. (2) To find out the association between magico-religious and supernatural influence with socio demographic variable. (3) To correlate attitude of care giver with magico-religious and supernatural influence in mental illness. Material and Methods: A nonexperimental, descriptive survey approach was used for the study. Data was collected from 60 care givers of psychiatry patient from Selected Mental Hospital, Palanpur by nonprobability convenient sampling technique. Self-structured multiple-choice questionnaires was used for data collection. Supernatural attitude questionnaires (SAQ) developed by Kulhara et al. was used for collecting data. Results: Finding related to assessment of magico-religious and supernatural beliefs among primary care taker of psychiatry patient shows that highest mean score (2.7±0.907) which is 67.05% of total score was obtained in the domain of Treatment of mental illness and help seeking behavior. Findings related to correlation between attitude with magico-religious and supernatural beliefs reveal that there is significant moderate postive corrletion between Care giver magico-religious beliefs and patient magico-religious beliefs is perceived by care giver(r=0.509), Care giver magico-religious beliefs and etiology of mental illness (related to super natural cause) in general (0.446). Conclusion: The faith healers are more acceptable in the society than the doctors perhaps because of the social stigma and the misconceptions regarding the psychiatric illnesses. A significant positive correlation was present between attitudes and beliefs of care givers about role of magico-religious and supernatural influences in causation of mental disorders.

Full Text:

PDF

References


Y.P.S. Balhara, T. Yadav. A comparative study of beliefs, attitude and behaviour of psychiatric patient and their care givers with regards to magico- religious and supernatural influences, J Med Sci. 2012: 10–7p.

S. Jain, S. Agrawal. Perception of illness and health care among Bhils: a study of Udaipur District in Southern Rajasthan Department of Sociology, Department of Anthropology, University of Rajasthan, Jaipur, Rajasthan, India.

S.N. Zafar, R. Syed, S. Tehseen, S.A. Gowani, S. Waqar, A. Zubair, W. Yousaf. Perceptions about the cause of schizophrenia and the subsequent help seeking behavior in a Pakistani population 17 July 2008.

N. Kate, S. Grover, P. Kulhara, R. Nehra. Conducted study on Supernatural beliefs, etiological models and help seeking behavior in patients with schizophrenia, 2006.

M. Bathla, S. Chandna, J. Bathla, G.S. Kaloiya. Faith healers in modern psychiatric practice: results of a 4 years study, Delhi Psychiatry J. 2015; 18(1).

N. Sapkota, A.K. Pandey, B.R. Adhikari, P.M. Shyangwa, R. Shakya. Magico-religious beliefs among primary care takers of manic patients, J Psychiatr Assoc Nepal. 2013; 2(1).


Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.