Open Access Open Access  Restricted Access Subscription Access

Effect of Structured Teaching Programme on Knowledge, Attitude and Practice Regarding Breast Self-Examination and Prevention of Breast Cancer Among Nun Sisters Residing in Thrissur District

Rajee Reghunath

Abstract


The aim of the study was to assess the effect of structured teaching programme on knowledge, attitude and practice regarding breast self-examination and prevention of breast cancer among nun sisters residing in Thrissur district. The objectives of the study were to assess the knowledge, attitude and practice regarding breast self-examination and prevention of breast cancer among nun sisters, evaluate the effect of structured teaching programme on knowledge, attitude and practice regarding breast self-examination and prevention of breast cancer among nun sisters, find out the association between knowledge, attitude and practice regarding breast self-examination and prevention of breast cancer with their demographic variables among nun sisters. The study was based on the frame work of ‘Health belief model’. A preexperimental one group pretest and posttest design was used, and a purposive sampling was used to select 100 nun sisters. Pretest was conducted by using structured knowledge questionnaire, structured attitude scale, structured practice check list and a structured teaching programme was given on the same day. Posttest was done after two weeks. The mean pretest score of knowledge, attitude and practice were 13.730 (SD-2.8064), 59.170 (SD-5.7403) and 4.390 (SD-2.6088), respectively. In the posttest the mean score was 18.610 (SD-2.3948) for knowledge, 61.540 (SD-6.1306) for attitude and 7.010 (SD-3.4975) for practice. The calculated ‘t’ value of pretest and posttest mean score of knowledge, attitude and practice were 16.748(p<0.001), 3.67(p<0.001) and 7.716(p<0.001), respectively. Therefore, it is evident that the structured teaching programme was highly effective in improving the knowledge, attitude and practice of nun sisters regarding BSE and prevention of breast cancer. A statistically significant (p<0.05) associations found between pretest level of knowledge with years of religious life, level of attitude with education, occupation and age of menopause.

Full Text:

PDF

References


World population clock. Country meters. Available from: http://www. country meters.info/en/world.

P.N. Fon, C.N. Jules, E.K. Tebit, et al. Knowledge, attitude and practice of breast self-examination among female undergraduate students in the University of Buea. BMC Res Notes. [serial online]. 2015. 8(43): Available from:http://www.ncbi. nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4414436/.

S.C. Smeltzer, B.G. Bare, J.L. Hinkle, K.H. Cheever. Brunner and Sudharth’s Text book of Medical Surgical Nursing. 12th Edn., New Delhi: Elsevier publications; 2014.

Express News Service. New Delhi/pune May 29, 2015, 9:06 ; Available from:http://indianexpress.com/article/india/india-others/breast-cancer-top-killer-among-women-lung-cancer-among-men-in-india/#sthash.LVXpq8R7.dpuf.

Padmavathy. Breast cancer among women, Nightingale’s Nurs Times. 2015; 11(9).

S.C. Smeltzer, B.G. Bare, J.L. Hinkle, K.H. Cheever. Brunner and Sudharth’s Text Book of Medical Surgical Nursing. 12th Edn., New Delhi: Elsevier; 2014.


Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.