Objective: The objective was to assess the level of knowledge on prevention of dental caries among mother’s of under five children, in pediatric OPD at Government Rajaji Hospital, Madurai. To associate the level of knowledge on prevention of dental caries among mother’s of under five children, with their selected socio-demographic variables. Hypotheses: There will be a significant association between the level of knowledge on prevention of dental caries among mothers of under five children with their selected socio-demographic variables. Conceptual framework: The conceptual framework based on Health Belief Model, this model was created by Rocenstock and kegels. It is an acronym that stands for individual perception, modifying factors, and likelihood action. Research approach: Quantitative approach. Design: Descriptive study design was adopted. Setting of the study: The study was conducted in pediatric OPD, at Government Rajaji Hospital, Madurai. Subjects: 30 mother’s of under-five children were selected for the study. Sampling technique: Purposive sampling technique was used. Findings: This study revealed that there is no significant between the level of knowledge on prevention of dental caries among mother’s of under five children with their socio-demographic variables. Conclusion: The study shows that the mother’s of under five children had inadequate knowledge regarding prevention of dental caries.
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