Open Access Open Access  Restricted Access Subscription Access

Effect of early initiation of breast feeding on duration of third stage of labour and amount of blood loss among parturient mothers

Vijitha VT, Vahitha S, Dr. Mamatha Gowda


Background and objectives: Breast feeding not only helps the baby to become healthy, it is beneficial to the mother also, putting baby to the breast straight after the birth helps the womb to contract and speeds delivery of the placenta will be faster. The aim of the study is to assess the effect of early initiation of breast feeding on duration of third stage of labour and amount of blood loss in parturient mothers. Methods and materials: Randomized control trial was used. A total of 134 samples were selected for the study by using simple random sampling. Randomized the mothers in to two groups by block randomization. The investigator given study intervention that is early initiation of breast feeding. In control group initiation of breast feeding according to routine labour room practice. Result: The third stage duration and amount of blood loss in experimental, and control group were significantly different (P <0.001). The total length was 243 and blood loss was 200 in third stage and it was significantly correlated (p<0.001). There was no significant association of third stage duration with parity in experimental (p=0.84) and control (0.92) groups. But, there was a significant association of the amount of blood loss with parity between the study (p=.036) and control (p=.007) group. Conclusion: Early initiation of breast feeding is an effective method for reducing the duration of third stage of labour and amount of blood loss. It is the physiological management of third stage and it can be used as cost effective and non-invasive method for prevention of PPH.

Full Text:



Agyemang TC, Kirkwood BR, Edmond K, Bazzano A, Hill Z.Early initiation of breast feeding in ghana:barriers and facilitators.J Perinatol.2008;28:46–52.

Dutta DC.Text book of obstetrics: including perinatology and contraception.Seventh edition.London:New central book agency;2011.

Ricci SS, Kyle T.Maternity and pediatric nursing.Philadelphia:Wolters and Kluwer; 2009.

Lowdermilk Perry.Maternity and women’s health care. 9th edition.Missouri:Mosby; 2007.

The Royal College of Midwives[Internet].Evidence Based Guidelines for Midwifery Led Care in Labour. 2012[cited 2015 Dec 22].Available from

Shalini JJ.A study to assess the early suckling on third stage of labour among parturient mothers.International Journal of Scientific Research.2014;3:335-7.

Raman AV.editor.Maternity nursing:family,newborn,and women’s healthcare.19th edition.india:wolters Kluwer;2011.


  • There are currently no refbacks.