Open Access Open Access  Restricted Access Subscription Access

An Exploratory Study on Late Marriage Among Female Students Studying in Selected Colleges of Dera Bassi, District Mohali, Punjab

Shweta Chaudhary

Abstract


Purposes: To assess the knowledge regarding health consequences of late marriage, to assess the attitude toward late marriage, to explore the factors leading to late marriage and to find the association between knowledge and attitude regarding late marriage among female students and their selected demographic variables. Materials and methods: A nonexperimental exploratory study was done by taking 150 female students selected by systematic random sampling technique in selected colleges of Dera Bassi, Distt. Mohali Punjab. The tool comprised of structured knowledge questionnaire, was used to assess the knowledge regarding health consequences, Likert scale to assess the attitude and an unstructured questionnaire to explore the factors leading to late marriage. Result: The findings revealed that highest percentage,41.3% of the female students had good knowledge, 38.7% had average knowledge, 14% had poor knowledge and only 6% of the female students had very good knowledge regarding health consequences of late marriage. Majority, 89% of the female students had neutral attitude, 11% had positive attitude and none of them had negative attitude toward late marriage and maximum number of female students perceived focus on career/higher education as the major factor that leads to late marriage. There was significant association between the knowledge of health consequences of late marriage with the professional course of the female students (F=21.978 at p< 0.001 level) and also between the attitude of female students toward late marriage and with the age (F =6.316 at p< 0.01) and the professional course (F=4.335 at p<0.05 level). Conclusion: The conclusion of the study was that majority of the female students had good knowledge regarding health consequences of late marriage and majority of them had neutral attitude toward late marriage, moreover most of them perceived focus on career/higher education as the major factor that leading to late marriage.

Full Text:

PDF

References


. B. Vidya. An Introduction to Sociology. 38th Edn. Allahabad: Kitab Mahal; 2005.

. C. Nichols, L. Glover. J Psychosom Obstet Gynaecol. 2004; 2(4): 295–304p.

. A.B. Rani, K.N. Pratap. J Gynaecol Surg. 2006; 22(4): 123–6p.

. K. Trent, S. Bose. Women’s Status and Marriage Patterns in India. New York: JayPee; 2011.

. D.C. Dutta. Text Books of Obstetrics. 6th Edn., New Delhi: JayPee; 2004.

. Y. Yagav, R. Bardin, B. Haroush. AMJ Obstetr Gynaecol. 2010; 2(4): 14p.

. V.K. Nikil, B.T. Hemanth, K.R. Subhash, P.T. Ajay. Obstetr Gynaecol. 2009; 4(98): 961–3p. Available from: nikilkamat @vsml.net.

. D.F. Polit, C.T. Beck, B.T. Hungler. Essentials of Nursing Research Methods Appraisal Utilization. 5th Edn., Pliodelphia: Lipincott; 2009.

. M.P. Steven. Delayed Marriage and Childbearing: Implication and Measurement of Diverging. Trends in Family Timing. Department of Sociology and Maryland Population Research Center. 2002; [cited 2002 June 15]; Available from: www.russellsage.org/sites.

. Bogart. Late marriage and the HIV epidemic in sub-Saharan Africa June 2006; 2(45): 765–7p. Available from: www.popcouncil.org/pdfs/wp/216.pdf-373k-16.

. Factors of late marriage, NUCB J Econ Inform Sci. 2010; 2(49): 223–34p.

. B. Goswami. An investigation into the pattern of delayed marriage in India. 2012; 5(7): 324–9p.

. E.L. Lehrer. Delayed entry into first marriage: further evidence on the Becker –Landes –Michael hypothesis, Demograph Res. 2012; 3(54): 6724p.

. R. Warwick, S. Armitage. Consequences of delaying marriage, Clin Obstetr Gynaecol. 2004; 18(6): 995–1011p.

. P. Puigdomenech Rosell, G. Virt. Reasons for delaying marriage in India, Nightingale Nurs Times. 2004; 19p.

. B. Nayar, D. Deka, V.K. Paul. Effects of late marriage, Obstetr Gynaecol Today. 2004; 9(7): 567–87p.

. P. RubinsteinP. Delayed marriage, Nurs Midwifery. 2006; 67(6): 345–56p.

. B. Chandran, A. Madhavan. Career Oriented Women in India. Available from: URI:http://www.Indian career women society.

. S. Nasim, K. Kiran. Factors leading to delay in marriage in Punjab, 2009; 324(25): 278–267p.

. A.K. Nolaso Ble, R.J. Hernandez Herrera, R.M. Ramos Gonzalez. Perinatal outcome of pregnancies in advanced maternal age.2012; [cited 2012 July 23]. Available from :http/ncbi.nlm.nih.govt/med 21724456.

. A. Vincet-Rohfritsch, C. Le Ray, O. Anselem, D. Cabrol, F. Goffinet. Pregnancy in women aged 43 years or older :maternal and perinatal risks.2010; [cited 2010 August 16];Available from :http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.govt/after.age 21724576.

. A.A. Grevena, A. Sass, S.S. Marcon, S.M. Pelloso. Outcome in late age pregnancies 2008; [cited 2008 13 december]; Available from: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.govt/med 21765457.

. C.J. Haines, M.S. Rogers, D.H. Leung. Neonatal outcome and its relationship with maternal age. 2007; [cited 31(3):20] Availablefrom: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.govt/med 21764567.

. P. Vercellini, G. Zuliani, M.T. Rognoni, L. Trespidi,S. Oldani, A. Cardinale. Pregnancy at thirty and over: a case–control study. 2006; [cited 2006 Mar; 48(3): 191-5]. Available from: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.govt/med 21237634.

. W. Chung, S. Lee. Effects of the late marriage of Korean Women on the first birth interval, J Prev Publ Health. 2006; [cited 2006 May 15; 39(3): 213–20p]. Available from: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.govt/late marraige med 26754375.

. S.K. Saha. J Obstetr Gynecol India. 2006; [cited 2006 August 14]; 56(4): 329–32p. Available from: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.govt/late age marraige med 23456123.

. Gubhaju, W. Jones Gavin. Trends in age at marriage in age at marriage in the provinces of Indonesia, ARI Working Papers. 2008; [cited 2008 June19; 15(2)]. Available from: http://www.ari.nus.edu.sg/docs/wps/wps08 105. med24536578.

. V. Ragosch, H. Altinoz, H. Hudertmark, M. Entezami. Effect of maternal age on the course of labor—analysis of women over 30 years of age. 2002[cited 2002 May 26; 34(2): 786–800p]. Available from: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.govt/late age marraige med 2567894.

. S.S. Hall, S. Goff, B.J. Willoughby. Timely Marriage Matters But How Much? Marital Centrality Among Young Adult Women. 2014[ cited 2014 Dec 12:1-22]. Available from: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.govt 25627654.

. M.C. Machado, M.I. Alves, L. Couceiro, F.G. Silva, A.M. Morais de, Alves. Birth rate fertility: knowledge and expectations analysis of 3585 university students. 2014 [cited 2014 Sep-Oct;27(5): 601–8p]. Available from: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.govt 22276389.

. E. Copen, D. Kimberly, V. Jonathan, D.M. Williams. First marriage in United States: Data From The 2006-2010 National Survey Of Family Growth.2012 [cited2012 March22; 25(3): 298–300]. Available from: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.govt 22900002.

. S. Lisa, W. Kirsten. The relationship between gender and attitude towards delaying marriage.2010 [cited 2010 oct 22;12(5): 212–7p]. Available from: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.govt 22237654.

. K.K. Singh, C.M. Suchindran, V. Singh, R. Ramakumar. Delay in marriage and timing of first birth in India’s Uttar Pradesh and Kerala states. 2008 [cited 2008 Fall –Winter;39(3-4): 292–8p]. Available from: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.govt 23465749.

. T. Ueki. Analysis of factors related to the recent decline in birth rate in Japan.2006[cited 2006 Feb;42(2):121-8]. Available from: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.govt 26745637.

. W.D. Manning, M.A. Longmore, P.C. Giordano. The changing institution of marriage: adoloscents’ expectations to cohabit and then marry.2004 [cited2004 april; 24(3): 167–9p]. Available from: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.govt 27526789.

. X. Tu, C. Lou, F. Sun, Y. Chenq, E. Gao. Fear of domestic violence and health outcomes among women at marraigable age.2014[cited 2014 May;35(5):484–8p]. Available from: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.govt 22274567.

. C.D. Dobson, S.K. Houseknecht. Black and white differences in the effect of women’s educational attainment on delaying the first marriage.2004 [cited 2004 Mar;19(2): 204–23p]. Available from: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.govt 21234654.

. J. Bruderl, A. Diekmann. Education and delay in marriage age: a comparative analysis of marriage age in West Germany, East Germany, and the United States.2004[cited 2004Feb;23(1): 56–73, 77p]. Available from: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.govt 26578767.

. S. David, M. Julie, Loughran, R. Zissimopoulos. Are there gains to delaying marriage? The Effect of Age at First Marriage on Career Development and Wages.2004[cited 2004 Nov;17(2): 109–2p]. Available from: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.govt 22356734.

. M. Singarimbun. Changes in marriage patterns among rural Java.2003[cited2003 Jun; 18(35): 27–41p]. Available from: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.govt 22762892.

. D.C. Nath, K.C. Land, G. Goswami. Effects of the status of women and delay in marriage on first –birth in Indian urban society.2002[cited 2002 Jan; 31(1): 55–69p] Available from: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.govt 22365788.

. J.A. John, S. Tough. Delayed child –bearing and outcome.2008[cited 2008 Mar;23(5):247–90p]. Available from: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.govt 22376456.

. R.G. Wood, S. Avellar, B. Gosling. Pathways to Delay Marriage: Females’ Attitudes, Expectations and Relationship Patterns.2010[cited2010 oct; 21(5): 211–5p]. Available from: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.govt 21892343.


Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.