Open Access Open Access  Restricted Access Subscription or Fee Access

Quality of Life in Menopausal Women

V. Jayam, S. Joneslinmary, Kamadi Edukondalu, T. Nanthini, Felicia Chitra A.


Menopause is a significant life event that can have a profound impact on a woman's quality of life. Over 80% of women have reported experiencing physical and psychological challenges that often come with menopause, with varying levels of severity and disruption to their daily lives. The study's aim was to evaluate the quality of life in menopausal women, examine how menopause affects their daily lives, and explore potential connections between the quality of life and certain demographic factors. A descriptive cross-sectional research design was used by purposive sampling technique among 150 menopausal women in the age group of 45 to 50 years. Data were collected by using modified menopause specific quality of life questionnaire by interview method. The study result showed that 67 (44.7%) of the menopausal women were in age group 50 to 55 years, 94 (62.7%) were married, 55 (36.7%) were uneducated, 83 (55.3%) were homemakers, 45 (30%) had an annual income between 20,000 and 40,000 rupees, 41 (27.3%) had diabetes, 63 (41.3%) of had menarche at 14 to 15 years, 91 (60.7%) had periods for 4 to 5 days, 125 (83.3%) had regular menstrual cycle, 65 (43.3%) had 2 children, 70 (46.5%) attained menopause over 50 years, 125 (83.3%) underwent sterilization method and 108 (72%) did not use any therapy. Regarding the quality of life, 79 (52.7%) had fair quality of life, 64 (42.7%) had poor quality of life, and 7 (4.6%) of them had good quality of life. The impact of menopause women showed that 20 (13%) had vasomotor problem, 50 (33%) had psychosocial problem, 70 (47%) had physical problem, and 10 (9%) had sexual problem. There was a statistically significant association between the level of quality of life with their selected demographic variables such as age group, marital status, age of menarche, age at menopause, and age at menopause. Quality of life among menopausal women plays a major role in balancing health in holistic way. As a health personnel, community health nurse plays a vital role in identifying the menopausal women and promote their health by nutritional supplementation and implement certain coping strategies to enhance their quality of life.

Full Text:



Polit DF, Hungler BP. Textbook of Nursing Research. 4th edition. Philadelphia, PA, USA: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins; 1991. pp. 86–90.

Basavanthappa BBT. Text Book of Nursing Research. 2nd edition. New Delhi, India: Jaypee Publishers; 2005. pp. 470–484.

Kothan, Text Book of Nursing Research. 7th edition. New Delhi, India: Lippincott Williams; 1996. pp. 45–54.

Sharma SK. The Text Book of Nursing Research and Statistics. 2nd edition. New Delhi, India: Elsevier; September, 2010. pp. 321–340.

Clement N, Clement I. The Textbook on Nursing Research and Statistics. 2nd edition. Emmess Medical Publishers. January, 2019. pp. 384–389.

De Caires CS, Steiner ML, Pompei LDeM, Strufaldi R, Fernandes CE. Personality traits of postmenopausal women with sexual dysfunction. Rev Bras Ginecol Obstetr. 2018; 40 (11): 693–698. doi: 10.1055/s-0038-1673425.

El Hajj A, Wardy N, Haidar S, Bourgi D, Haddad ME, Chammas DE, El Osta N, Rabbaa Khabbaz L, Papazian T. Menopausal symptoms, physical activity level and quality of life of women living in the Mediterranean region. PLoS One. 2020; 15 (3): e0230515. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0230515.

English M, Stoykova B, Slota C, Doward L, Siddiqui E, Crawford R, DiBenedetti D. Qualitative study: burden of menopause-associated vasomotor symptoms (VMS) and validation of PROMIS Sleep Disturbance and Sleep-Related Impairment measures for assessment of VMS impact on sleep. J Patient Reported Outcomes. 2021; 5 (1): 37. doi: 10.1186/s41687-021-00289-y.

Felipe J, Viezel J, Reis AD, da Costa Barros EA, de Paulo TRS, Neves LM, Júnior IFF. Relationship of different intensities of physical activity and quality of life in postmenopausal women. Health Qual Life Outcomes. 2020; 18 (1): 123. doi: 10.1186/s12955-020-01377-1.

Gulbahar A, Akgun Kavurmaci S. Comparison of sexual function between women with iatrogenic and natural menopause. Rev Int Androl. 2022; 20 (2): 121–127. doi: 10.1016/j.androl.2020.12.004.

Paulo TR, Winters-Stone KM, Viezel J, Rossi FE, Simões RR, Tosello G, Junior IFF. Effects of resistance plus aerobic training on body composition and metabolic markers in older breast cancer survivors undergoing aromatase inhibitor therapy. Exp Gerontol. 2018; 111: 210–217.

Neves LM, Fortaleza AC, Rossi FE, Diniz TA, Codogno JS, Gobbo LA, Gobbi S, Freitas Jr IF. Functional training reduces body fat and improves functional fitness and cholesterol levels in postmenopausal women: a randomized clinical trial. J Sports Med Phys Fitness. 2017; 57 (4): 448–456.

Ciconelli RM, Ferraz MB, Santos W, Meinão I, Quaresma MR. Tradução para a língua portuguesa e validação do questionário genérico de avaliação da qualidade de vida SF36 (Brasil SF-36). Rev Bras Reumatol. 1999; 39 (3).

Abdulnour J, Doucet E, Brochu M, Lavoie JM, Strychar I, Rabasa-Lhoret R, Prud'homme D. The effect of the menopausal transition on body composition and cardiometabolic risk factors: a Montreal-Ottawa New Emerging Team group study. Menopause. 2012; 19 (7): 760–767.

Rindner L, Strömme G, Nordeman L, Hange D, Gunnarsson R, Rembeck G. Reducing menopausal symptoms for women during the menopause transition using group education in a primary health care setting—a randomized controlled trial. Maturitas. 2017; 98: 14–19.



  • There are currently no refbacks.